In 2000, the 22-person Hydra ship was demonstrated, and in 2003 the Duffy-Herreshoff watertaxi went into service. 2003 saw the debut of Yacht No. 1, as well Hydroxy3000. The AUVDeepC and Yacht XV 1 were shown in 2004. In 2005 the first example of the Type 212 submarine, which is powered underwater by fuel cells, went into service with the German navy. In 2006 the 12-person Xperiance was debuted, as well as the Zebotec. In 2007 both the 8-person Tuckerboot and the Canal boatRoss Barlow debuted, and in 2008 the 100-passenger Zemships project Alsterwasser went into service in Hamburg. Also, in 2009 the Nemo H2 and the Frauscher 600 Riviera HP went into service. In 2013 the Hydrogenesis Passenger Ferry project went into service.
Hjalti Pall Ingolfsson from Icelandic New Energy has commented that ships are fast becoming the biggest source of air pollution in the European Union. It is estimated that by 2020 emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from ships will exceed land-based emissions in Europe. A big issue to be dealt with would be the storage of hydrogen on ships, given that there would be no opportunity to refill them when out at sea, although one can use wind power and solar panels to generate electricity from the ocean while they are far from the shores and produce onboard hydrogen.
The webinar, titled ‘Hydrogen in ... Hydrogen could help countries globally achieve their ambitions to reach net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, particularly through utilization in sectors such as chemicals, steel, refining, air travel, shipping and heavy duty road transport..
A hydrogen future? ...Currently, this demand is generally met by making something called gray hydrogen ... Hydrogen already in use ... In the future, there also could be liquid hydrogen fuel, which requires chilling but would be a much denser fuel that could enable bigger vessels, such as tug boats – or oceangoing cargo ships – to travel long distances.
The first Earth Day was in 1970. The 51st is this Tuesday, April 20. The bad news is that there have been a few problems, since. The good news is that we’re still here ... Then there’s low-methane cows, floating solar, hydrogen ships and my favorite, vast tree corridors to counter our urban heat islands, which can reduce city temperatures by 3 degrees ... .
“Shipping faces a significant challenge in reducing its emissions, while at the same time the threat of climate change requires urgent action to decarbonise ... “Building on independent in-depth research and with the knowledge that we currently have, we believe that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future.
One role found for LNG in shipping’s future was as a feedstock for blue hydrogen for fuels while production of fully green hydrogen scales up. In the report “The Potential of Zero-Carbon Bunker Fuels in Developing Countires”, Green ammonia was the frontrunner fuel for decarbonising shipping, closely followed by green hydrogen.
Several heavyweights in Germany have announced projects to move forward with green hydrogen. RWE, Uniper and Bosch have all announced large-scale projects and the German government has allocated €52 million for hydrogen research ... The grid could ship hydrogen between 21 European countries.
While it concludes that there are major opportunities, the international financial organization dismisses the long-term role of LNG instead joining the growing support for ammonia and hydrogen as the most promising future fuels for shipping ... bunker fuels for shipping at present.
(e1), a Bend developer of hydrogen generation technology, has signed a letter of intent with Ardmore Shipping Corporation (ASC) and MaritimePartners, LLC (MP) to create a new national partnership called e1 Marine... the market opportunity for e1’s methanol-to-hydrogen technology.
... aviation and the transport of heavy goods," Javier Moret of RWESupply & Trading stated, noting that Australia has excellent conditions for green hydrogen production, while RWE Supply & Trading has experience with shipping energy carriers, including AustralianLNG.
RasmusBach Nielsen, global head of fuel decarbonisation for Trafigura, reiterated his company’s position today that hydrogen-based fuels will ultimately be the shipping fuels of the future, repeating calls made earlier for an InternationalMaritime Organization-led carbon levy on marine fuels to incentivise the use of low and zero-carbon fuels.
They said that they expect to enhance the international competitiveness of shipyards by developing eco-friendly technologies such as development of carbon-free fuel propulsion ships ... The efforts will also continue to explore the development of new non-carbon fuels such as ammonia and hydrogen with joint development projects for the propulsion ships.
... to improve ship operation efficiency to improve carbon intensity indicator (CII); work together on the joint development of non-carbon fueled vessels such as ammonia and hydrogen; and explore ways enhancing the environmental life cycle of a ship by reducing gas emissions.
It is becoming increasingly clear that something has to change if ship owners and operators are to successfully overcome the operational cost and environmental regulatory hurdles that they are now encountering ...Hydrogen has a low volumetric energy density, meaning that large storage tanks would be needed on board ships.