In 2000, the 22-person Hydra ship was demonstrated, and in 2003 the Duffy-Herreshoff watertaxi went into service. 2003 saw the debut of Yacht No. 1, as well Hydroxy3000. The AUVDeepC and Yacht XV 1 were shown in 2004. In 2005 the first example of the Type 212 submarine, which is powered underwater by fuel cells, went into service with the German navy. In 2006 the 12-person Xperiance was debuted, as well as the Zebotec. In 2007 both the 8-person Tuckerboot and the Canal boatRoss Barlow debuted, and in 2008 the 100-passenger Zemships project Alsterwasser went into service in Hamburg. Also, in 2009 the Nemo H2 and the Frauscher 600 Riviera HP went into service. In 2013 the Hydrogenesis Passenger Ferry project went into service.
Hjalti Pall Ingolfsson from Icelandic New Energy has commented that ships are fast becoming the biggest source of air pollution in the European Union. It is estimated that by 2020 emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides from ships will exceed land-based emissions in Europe. A big issue to be dealt with would be the storage of hydrogen on ships, given that there would be no opportunity to refill them when out at sea, although one can use wind power and solar panels to generate electricity from the ocean while they are far from the shores and produce onboard hydrogen.
As a consequence, the business — which manufactures hydrogen fuel cells for cars, ships, trains and buildings — has fallen 53% in value over the past 12 months ... And many think that hydrogen will have a big part to play as the use of fossil fuels steadily declines.
What are we going to be able to most economically produce? Is it going to be methanol? Is it going to be ammonia? Is it going to be hydrogen and how quickly will we get there? Natural gas, like the ships that we're building that are dual-fuel, really looks to have a very strong slice of the future energy pie for a prolonged period of time.
The Hydroflex, retro-fitted by rolling stock company Porterbrook, embodies the aspiration that hydrogen fuel cells can be harnessed to power trains, trucks and ships, forms of transport for which batteries are not a suitable driving force ... to power trains, trucks and ships.
“Flotta is an ideal location for green hydrogen production – it is surrounded by the best wind resource in Europe, it lies close to major shipping routes within the vast natural harbour of Scapa Flow,” said James Stockan, leader of Orkney Islands Council... as shipping and aviation.
A rapid replacement of fossil fuels with renewable fuels based on green hydrogen along with advanced biofuels could enable to cut up to 80 percent of CO2 emissions by mid-century attributed to the international maritime sector ... In the medium and long-term green hydrogen-based fuels will be pivotal, making up 60 percent of the energy mix in 2050.
Dueren, a district in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia, is making progress in its plan to produce green hydrogen for the local public transport after receiving a regulatory nod to set up a joint venture that will implement the project ... The green hydrogen will be used also by the local industry or shipping companies.
is partnering with Airbus SE and Phillips 66 to find ways to harness hydrogen to power airplanes, vehicles and industry without emitting planet-warming greenhouse gases ...Green hydrogen is produced with renewable energy sources like solar or wind and can be used to power vehicles, ships or industry that traditionally burn fossil fuels.
However, the involved capital investment for new pipelines for hydrogen transportation dictates the use of ships to transport hydrogen in liquid form, in the form of ammonia, or ... In terms of safety, almost all the methods are prone to fire-related accidents due to the high evaporation rates of hydrogen in the case of liquified hydrogen shipping.
Burning hydrogen in homes could also worsen indoor air pollution ... Repurposing portions of the gas network is a compelling proposition to serve challenging sectors that may require priority access to hydrogen — such as steelmaking and maritime shipping — and this targeted opportunity should be examined further.
The University of Houston will focus their efforts on the creation of detailed thermal models of the proposed insulation systems.The ability to transport hydrogen between countries via pipelines and ships will be a key element of the future energy system ... hydrogen supply chain.
Seaborne transportation of pure hydrogen is difficult, but it can be converted into ammonia and shipped on liquid petroleum gas carriers globally, making use of established waterborne supply chains. Liquid ammonia can be either used directly, for example as a ship fuel, or converted back to hydrogen and consumed within natural gas infrastructure.
The report finds that in most cases Covid-19 recovery policy has served to lock in emissions-intensive systems, and that urgent action is needed to push decarbonization in hard to electrify sectors such as shipping and heavy industry ...Hydrogen ... Yet our forecast shows that hydrogen enters the picture at scale only in the late 2030s.